HSF Fellowship on Economic Migration – A Comparative Study, Its Implications and Challenges
Fellowship Duration: 1st June 2020 to 30th November 2020
Migration is a phenomenon that has taken place in the world in one form or the other over millennia. In modern times, internal migration, especially in less developed countries, is a verifiable reality. In this regard, urban and rural divide has played an integral part as to the movement of the latter to the former. This divide is palpably seen within third world countries. Within Pakistan, the epicenter of such migration has been the province of Sindh due to a number of underlying factors. These factors influence Pakistan’s economic migration, and are difficult to anticipate. It is exceptionally difficult to anticipate the social, political and economic developments. Decisions are usually made based on existing circumstances. Economic migration often relates to the labor standards of a country, unemployment, and the overall health of its economy. If the risks of economic disparity are increasing, a large number of individuals will probably emigrate elsewhere, which offers better economic conditions. Frequently this will prompt people moving from rural to urban areas while remaining within the confines of their state borders.
Internal migration takes place within a country (herein referred to Pakistan), inter or intra-provincial. Moving from rural to urban areas is often feasible in the context of intra-provincial migration. It happens because this kind of migration is less consequential on the part of the migrant. While inter-provincial migration on one hand bears more results, it is generally riskier. Since migration is prompted primarily by an economic urge, the prospects of it increase if distance is minimized. This is especially true in the case of Pakistan where there has been an exponential flow of migrants from rural to urban areas. However, this flow largely remains intra-provincial.
Factors for such migratory movements can range from economic, cultural, demographic and social to institutional. Here, the term demography has been intentionally used to suggest the changes which have occurred during this flight of migrants from rural (entire Pakistan) to urban Sindh – namely Karachi,
especially in recent decades. The internal makeup of Karachi as it is now, is quite complex. It is a big city, with different areas, from developed to moderately to severely under-developed.
This Call for Applications aims to explore how migration has taken place in and out of these areas, over the past decade in particular – specifically, in the context of economic migration. What have been and are the patterns of economic migration and its types? Why, when, how and who migrated followed by a comparative analysis of the types of groups migrating.? Also, in terms of employment generation activities, what kind of opportunities have been generated by European companies in Karachi?
As we know, in times of financial crisis, many multinational corporations (MNCs) have been a good source of investment as Karachi is the financial hub of Pakistan’s economy and is the core attraction to the labor market. It also pulls the MNCs’ capital for their diverse labor market. MNCs play a vital role in the growth of the global economy. The national economy also heavily relies on them.
Among MNCs in Pakistan, European corporations provide a substantial economic opportunity. Karachi as the core of Pakistan’s business activity is also the center of some well-known European firms. Such European companies are not only boosting the local market with excellence merchandises but additionally opening space for regional professionals to work in an international setting. Currently, some European companies are creating multiple employment opportunities for various levels of skilled workers, from highly skilled to less skilled, in Karachi’s job market.
However, despite all such financial opportunities, national poverty levels of developing countries are not improving. Similar is the case with Pakistan. In Karachi, known as the financial capital of the country, the majority of its population still lives below the poverty line. The economic prosperity of its labor market is stagnant.
Proposals can focus on the following primary areas, but other relevant areas can also be included:
• The internal makeup of Karachi as it is now: Karachi is a large city with different areas, from developed to less developed, to moderately developed to very poor. Keeping these demographics in mind, how has migration taken place in and out of those areas, especially in the past decade?
• What are/have been the patterns of economic migration – the types of economic migration? Who has migrated, when and why? What is the relationship between these reasons, if any?
• A comparative analysis of the types of migrating groups and the types of economic migration.
• What have been/are the trends in employment generating opportunities, especially by European companies, in Karachi? • Any additional areas that might be relevant.
The Area Study Centre for Europe (ASCE) at the University of Karachi (UoK) and the Hanns Seidel Foundation Pakistan aim to work together through their cooperation in the field of academic research.
This cooperation, through this Call for Applications, aims at providing five (5) research fellowship grants on issues related to the above-mentioned topics and subsequent questions. These grants are primarily reserved for ASCE students (MPhil / PhD), but they are open to suitable UoK students (MPhil) as well.
Those students selected for funding will work under the supervision of the interdisciplinary faculty team to conduct original empirical research. The research grant includes a monthly stipend from 1st June 2020 to 30th November 2020. The best research papers will be considered for publication. Copy-editing / proof-reading support will be provided to authors selected. The papers will be published in an ASCE journal.
• Applicants have to be enrolled as students (MPhil) or faculty members (pre-PhD) of ASCE or as students (MPhil) of UoK for the entire period of the project time (i.e. until 30th November 2020).
• For the period of funding, student applicants cannot take on any other work contracts if not approved by the academic advisors.
Scholarship holders are expected to:
– have good proficiency of English and academic writing.
– demonstrate an interest and willingness to conduct original empirical research in the given timeframe.
– attend monthly supervision meetings.
– write and submit a monthly report on their progress, challenges and intended activities.
– provide original receipts for expenses.
– observe standard research ethics.
– submit a publishable paper at the end of the year.
– attend a workshop in last week of November 2020, where the fellows will present their research (Research Paper) to experts.
The proposed research projects have to be focused on the topic “Economic Migration – A Comparative Study, Its Implications & Challenges”.
1. a short CV with contact details and grade point average (max. 1 page, Times New Roman 12 or similar font).
2. an abstract of the research proposal (maximum 350 words).
3. a research proposal (max. 3 pages, Times New Roman 12 or similar font) outlining
(i) topic, itsrelevance and focus
(ii) one central research question
(iii) intended theoretical and methodological approach (with detailed info on research method(s) to be employed)
(iv) a tentative work plan for six months (June-November 2020)
(v) two related academic references, published between 2010-2020.
Applications have to be submitted to via email to:
Dr. Uzma Shujaat (ASCE) E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
And copied to: Hanns Seidel Foundation Islamabad: email@example.com
Application Submission Deadline: 10 May 2020 Selection interviews on shortlisted Applications will be conducted by the project coordination team in the third week of May 2020 (before 20th May).